Karton is a tool which can transparently run Linux programs:
- 🐧 on a different Linux distribution,
- 🍎 on macOS,
- 💻 on a different architecture (ARMv7 and ARMv8, on a x86-64 host).
To do this, you just need to tell Karton which distro 🐧 to use, which packages 📦 to install, and which directories 📂 to make accessible. This is called an image.
Then you can run your commands inside the image just by adding
karton run image-name in front of your commands.
$ uname -a # Show we are running on macOS. Darwin my-hostname 16.4.0 Darwin Kernel Version 16.4.0 [...] $ # Run the compiler in the Ubuntu image we use for work $ # (which we called "ubuntu-work"): $ karton run ubuntu-work gcc -o test_linux test.c $ # Verify that the program is actually a Linux one. $ # The files are shared and available both on your $ # system and in the image: $ file test_linux test_linux: ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, [...] $ # Same thing but on 32-bit ARMv7 (in the image we $ # called "ubuntu-work-arm"): $ karton run ubuntu-work-arm gcc -o test_arm test.c $ file test_arm test_arm: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, ARM, EABI5 [...] $ # We can run the ARM program: $ karton run ubuntu-work-arm ./test_arm [... Output of our program ...]
In another terminal you can attach to the running program and debug it.
$ # Find the PID of the test_arm program. $ karton run ubuntu-work-arm ps aux | grep test_arm test_arm 42 [...] test_arm $ # Debug it! $ karton run ubuntu-work-arm gdb --pid 42 GNU gdb (Ubuntu 7.11.1-0ubuntu1~16.04) 7.11.1 Copyright (C) 2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc. [...] Attaching to process 11 [...] 0x00007f53430e4740 in __nanosleep_nocancel () at ../sysdeps/unix/syscall-template.S:84 84 ../sysdeps/unix/syscall-template.S: No such file or directory. (gdb)
Does typing every time
karton run image-name look boring? You can use the
alias command, see
karton help alias.
- Fast 🏃🏽. Launching a program in an image takes fractions of a second.
- No need to start/stop a virtual machine or container, it’s done transparently and quickly.
- Multiple terminals access the same running image. You can start a program in one terminal and attach to it with
- Automatic handling of shared directories and files. Your files are accessible both on your system and to programs running in an image.
- Except for directories you decide to share, the file system is transient. You can reset your changes to the system instantly.
- Can run Ubuntu, Debian, Fedora and CentOS images.
- Based on Docker 🐳 containers.